Female Condoms

The female condom is a thin, soft, loose-fitting sheath and comes in various sizes. It has an inner and an outer ring. The inner ring, which is situated at the closed end of the condom, is used to aid insertion. The outer ring is situated at the open end of the condom and lies flat against the vulva and covers part of the external genitalia, therefore giving more protection against Sexually Acquired Infections than the male condom. The female condom prevents sperm from entering the vagina by acting as a barrier. The female condom is similar to the male condom in its effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. There have only been a few studies researching the efficacy of the female condom, but these indicate that the efficacy ranges from 79% for typical use to 98% for perfect use.

 

 


 

Disadvantages

  • Perceived as noisy
  • Is not aesthetically pleasing to many women and their partners
  • Requires motivation
  • May be perceived as interrupting sexual intercourse.


Advantages

  • Gives women control and choice over their own sexual health
  • It very rarely splits
  • Less loss of sensitivity when compared with male condom
  • Is made from hypoallergenic material and is safe to use with people who are allergic to rubber latex
  • Females condoms are not dependent on the penis being erect for insertion and does not require immediate withdrawal after ejaculation.
  • Unlike the male condom, it is not tight or constricting.
  • Protects against Sexually Acquired Infections and HIV
  • Can be used in conjunction with oil-based products for lubrication (except with female condoms made from latex)
  • No systemic side effects.


Contraindications

  • Present vaginal, cervical or pelvic infections which must be investigated and treated first
  • Inability by client to touch genital area