Stress incontinence occurs in both men and women with physical strain that puts a strain on the bladder, causing leakage. Urge incontinence is due to irregular contractions of the bladder, creating an urgent need to urinate.

In men, incontinence can be a symptom of diabetes, an enlarged prostate, Parkinson's disease, certain types of surgery for prostate cancer or other surgery on the prostate gland.


Pelvic Floor Exercises

Pelvic floor exercises can improve bladder and bowel control, as well as heighten sexual pleasure. Layers of muscles and ligaments stretch from the pubic bone to the backbone and thus help support the bladder and bowels, and uterus in women.

When exercising the pelvic floor muscles, caution should be taken so as not to draw in the stomach, hold your breath or tighten your buttocks. The muscles you are exercising are those that you would tighten to stop urine midstream. You should empty your bladder before attempting these exercises then sit on a comfortable chair with your knees slightly apart. As you do the exercises, be sure not to hold your breath, hold in your stomach or tighten your legs or anal sphincter. Contract your muscles for five seconds and then relax for five seconds. Repeat and slowly build up to intervals of ten seconds.


Urinary Tract Infections

Painful urination can be a symptom of an SAI, but is predominately caused by E. coli bacteria. Women anatomically are more prone to urinary tract infections due to the fact that there is short distance between the urethra and the anus. Diabetes people, men with prostatism due to incomplete bladder emptying and older people are more likely to contract these infections. Urine tests are usually carried out as instructed by your doctor. They are easily treated with antibiotics.

It is recommended that you drink plenty of water and cranberry juice, which works by preventing bacterial adhesion in the urinary tract within a few hours. Urological referral may be needed if symptoms persist.