Prostate Examination

The prostate is located at the base of the bladder. Its main function is to produce a secretion which serves as a transport medium for sperm. The prostate exam is carried out mainly for two reasons, to check for prostate cancer and to check for prostatic hyperplasia (benign enlargement of the prostate which can to lead to urinary symptoms).

There are three ways to examine the prostate:

  • Digital examination: The doctor examines the prostate through the rectum. This test gives information about the size and texture of the prostate.
  • Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA): This test measures levels of PSA in the blood. When carried out with a digital rectal examination, this test is a reliable indicator of prostate cancer.
  • Trans-rectal ultrasound guided biopsy: This technique is used to obtain prostatic tissue from suspicious areas for microscopic examination.