Fungal Infections

Genital Candidiasis is a common condition which can be caused by different species of Candida such as Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis and several others. Candidia albicans is a common fungus that is found in the majority of  women, but when its concentration increases, it can cause discharge, itchiness and inflammation. It is associated with an imbalance of bacteria, or a disruption to the immune mechanisms in the vagina, such as with the use of oral contraceptives, tampons, antibiotics, steroids, wearing tight clothing and diabetes.


Prolonged exposure to moisture (such as wearing sweaty clothes for a prolonged time), tight jeans, lycra underwear and tights should be avoided. Instead cotton underwear, loose fitting clothes and stockings could be utilised. Showers should be immediately taken after exercise. Better regulation of your blood sugar will alleviate symptoms of Candida. Consult your doctor for more advice.


Men may also be affected with thrush if he has sexual intercourse with a sexual partner. Symptoms include spots and red patches on the head of the penis. The penis head may become very itchy and sore. In some cases there is penile discharge with an unpleasant odour. Fungal infections can be treated with antifungal pessaries and corticosteriodal creams.