Pregnancy Care

If the sperm meet the egg a pregnancy can occur. Several changes in the body happen so that the baby is accommodated in the womb such as increase in hormone levels, increase in womb lining and hence increased blood supply. The higher the hormone levels, the pregnant woman may feel more emotional and irritated than usual.

Every sperm and egg contains 23 pairs of chromosomes where when joined together they produce a human being containing 46 chromosomes. Chromosomes contain genes which carry the baby’s gender, hair, eye and skin colour and other characteristics. The father’s sex chromosome may be either X or Y but the mother’s chromosomes are always XX. Thus it is the father that determines the gender of the baby. If the chromosomes are XY it is a boy but if the chromosomes are XX it is a girl.

Missing a period is one of the indications of having a pregnancy on the way. However some women may experience morning sickness, nausea or vomiting at any time of day or night. Some women feel more tired than usual, feel their breasts are larger or tenderer or have tingling sensations. Some women may need to urinate more often even during the night, crave specific food items, have more vaginal mucus, loose interest in tobacco or specific foods or have an increased sense of smell. If you think you are pregnant talk to your doctor and carry out a pregnancy test.